We are a nation very proud of our roots and we fervently celebrate our history and heritage. Delve in to learn more about where we come from and how it has shaped us into who we are.


Our History


In the vibrant tapestry of our Basotho heritage, we are inspired by the unity that shaped us. As we stand today, our community is a mosaic of tribes who, during the tumultuous Lifaqane wars of 1815-1840, sought refuge. Guided by the visionary Chief Moshoeshoe of the Bakoena, these tribes united, giving birth to the resilient and diverse Basotho nation. Together, our shared history illuminates the strength found in unity and the rich legacy we continue to embrace.


We celebrate our independence every 4th of October. We joyously mark the day when Lesotho gained independence on October 4, 1966, after being a British protectorate since March 12, 1868. Following this historic milestone, we conducted our inaugural independent elections, appointing Dr. Leabua Jonathan as the first Prime Minister of Lesotho.

The Gun War

In the inspiring history of Southern Africa, we find pride in the fact that black Africans triumphed over colonial powers in the gun war. This courageous conflict emerged as a response to the Cape Colonial government’s proposed disbarment of Basotho. After the war concluded, we, the people of Lesotho, permanently cast off the yoke of Cape Colonial rule, standing as a testament to our resilience and determination.


Basotho Tribes and clans


Basotho dances and games


Basotho Story telling


Basotho arts and crafts


Basotho Tribes and Clans

Within our community, there are 13 clans, liboko, each contributing to the rich tapestry of our identity. From Bakoena to Basia, these clans symbolise the diversity that strengthens rather than divides us.

  • Bakoena
  • Bafokeng
  • Basia
  • Bataung
  • Bat’soeneng
  • Makholokoe
  • Bathepu
  • Batlokoa
  • Baphuthi
  • Bakhatla
  • Batloung
  • Matebele
  • Makhoakha
  • Bahlakoana


Basotho dances and games

Our dances are a vibrant and integral part of our cultural heritage. These traditional dances, such as Mohobelo, and Mokhibo, are performed during special occasions and celebrations, showcasing our community's rich traditions and history. Mohobelo, performed by men for the chief, features rhythmic movements accompanied by traditional music and singing. On the other hand, Mokhibo is a graceful and elegant dance performed by Basotho women, displaying their skill and beauty.


Basotho Story telling

In the heart of the Basotho community, we weave the tapestry of our rich history through the art of storytelling, embracing the magic of folktales known as lits’omo. Beyond mere narratives, these folktales serve as cautionary tales, imparting wisdom through the ages. Our tales of triumph in battle resonate through the melodious praise songs, lithoko, echoing the glories that define us. In each story, we find inspiration and lessons, painting a vibrant canvas of our enduring heritage.


Basotho Arts and Crafts

As an integral part of Lesotho's cultural evolution, our art has blossomed from the geometric murals called litema to encompass a diverse range of mediums contemporary artists embrace. Today, weavers in our vibrant nation skillfully craft tapestries and rugs using abundant wool and mohair. This artistic journey reflects our rich heritage and the boundless creativity that defines Lesotho's ever-evolving artistic landscape.




The Kingdom in The Sky has an abundance of flora and fauna both beautiful and medicinal. Here is just a glimpse of what can be found in Lesotho.